Just as nouns and adjectives change in different cases, so do personal pronouns. In Montenegrin they have a short and a long form. The long form is used:

*for emphasis

* after a preposition

*in the initial position in a sentence.


The short form is far more prevelient in everyday speech.

Personal pronouns in nominative case


Ja (I)                                          Mi (we)

Ti (you)                                         Vi (you)

On (he)                                        oni (they)

Ona (she)                                    one (they)

Ono (it)                                        ona (they)


Personal pronouns in accusative case


Mene (me)                                 Nas

Tebe  (te)                                    Vas

Njega (ga)                                   Njih (ih)

Nju (ju, je)                                  Njih (ih)

Njega (ga)                                   Njih (ih)



Short form:  Vidim ga. (I see him)

Long form:  Njega vidim. (I see him – as opposed to someone else)

Long form: To je dobro za njega. That is good for him. (after preposition)


Personal pronouns in genitive case

Most forms fir the personal pronouns in the genitive are identical to the accusative:

Mene (me)                                 Nas

Tebe  (te)                                    Vas

Njega (ga)                                   Njih (ih)

Nju ( je)                                       Njih (ih)

Njega (ga)                                   Njih (ih)


Dative/Locative case

The personal pronouns can only have the long form in the locative because this case always uses a preposition. The general rule is: in any case only a long-form pronouns can follow a preposition.

Meni (mi)                                    Nama (nam)

Tebi  (ti)                                       Vama  (vam)

Njemu (mu)                               Njima (im)

Njoj ( joj)                                     Njima (im)

Njemu (mu)                               Njima (im)

Instrumental case 


Mnom                                          Nama

Tobom                                          Vama

Njim                                              Njima

Njom                                             Njima

Njim                                              Njima



Translate the following sentences:

  1. The book is for you. ___________________________________________________________
  2. I see them. ___________________________________________________________
  3. She knows him. ___________________________________________________________
  4. We visit her often. ___________________________________________________________
  5. My friends are thinking about me. ________________________________________________
  6. Is there anything for us? _______________________________________________________
  7. I have it. ____________________________________________________________________



Possesive pronouns

Possesive pronous behave like adjectives in terms of their form. They refer to the noun they modify and agree with it in gender and number.

  Engl.                         masculine                          feminine                    neuter                    plural

My                                  moj                                            moja                          moje                       moj –i, -e, -a

Your                             tvoj                                                 tvoja                       tvoje                          tvoj-i, -e, -a

His, its                       njegov                                       njegova                       njegovo                  njegov-i, -e, -a

Her                                  njen                                      njena                         njeno                           njen-i, -e, -a

Our                                    naš                                       naša                           naše                              naš-i,-e, -a

Your                                vaš                                         vaša                           vaše                              vaš-i, -e, -a

Their                              njihov                                   njihova                       njihovo                      njihov-i, -e, -a


Here is how possessive pronouns look in accusative. Remember, they behave exactly like any other adjective and have the same ending as adjectives  in all cases.

My                                                                                           Our

m.  anim.          –og/eg                mog                            -e moje

minan.   Same as nom.           Moj                             -e moje

neu.         Same as nom            moje                            -a moja

F.     –u                                       moju                           -e moje


In genitive possessive pronouns also have the same endings as adjectives.

m.    –og  mog                                            -ih   mojih

neu.  –og  mog                                           -ih    mojih

f.        –e moje                                           – ih  mojih



m.     –om/em  mom                                         -im   mojim

neu.  –om/em  mom                                         -im    mojim

f.      –oj mojoj                                                   – im  mojim



m.     –im  mojim                                                    -im   mojim

neu.  –im  mojim                                                    -im    mojim

f.        –om mojom                                              – im  mojim


Interrogative                       affirmative                           neutral                                               negative

Ko (who)                           neko (somebody)                   iko (anybody)                               niko (nobody)

Šta (what)                         nešto (something)                išta (anything)                               ništa (nothing)

Gdje (where)                    negdje (somewhere)            igdje (anywere)                             nigdje (nowhere)

Kuda (where to)              nekuda (somewhere)             ikuda (anywhere)                       nikuda (nowhere)

Kada (when)                     nekada (once, at some time) ikada (ever)                                nikada (never)

Kako (how)                      nekako (somehow)                  ikako (in any way)                     nikako (in no way)

Kakav (what kind)           nekakav (some kind)                ikakav (any kind)             nikakav (not any kind)

Čiji (whose)                       nečiji (somebody’s)                ičiji (anybody’s)                     ničiji (nobody’s)


Ko ovdje nešto zna?                            Who knows somethng here?

Da li ovdje iko išta zna?                       Does anybody here know anything?

Ovdje niko  nikada ništa ne zna.          Here nobody ever knows anything.

Da li je ovo ičiji sto?                               Is this anybody’s table?

Da li je ovo nečiji sto?                           Is this somebody’s table?

Ne, ovo nije ničiji sto                           No, this is nobody’s table.


Translate the following:

  1. Does anyone have a pencil?
  2. I never see you.
  3. Can you find any kind of car?
  4. This is nobody’s house.
  5. I am not going to the movies with anyone.
  6. I am not thinking about anything.
  7. Nobody sees him.
  8. Do you ever travel to Montenegro in summer?
  9. She never travels anywhere.
  10. They are not talking about anybody.



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