Accusative vs Locative

Živimo u ______________(isti stan). Narod je na __________ (ulice). Lijepo mi je u_____________(selo).  Dječak sjedi na ____________(klupa). Jana svira______________ (gitara). Odmah popij ____________(lijek). Miš je iskopao rupu u_________ (siru). Idem na more u ______________(jul). On je rođen u _______________(prošli vijek) Imam trening ___________(svaki dan). ___________(Cijelo jutro) pečem kolače. Šetali smo kroz_________________ (šuma). Neću da razmišljam o ____________(Marija) Dugo su radili na ______________(projekat). Stripove čuvam u ____________(prva fioka). Moja majka je u…

List of verbs taken from English

Some verbs we took from English and adapted to our language by adding some typical endings: angažovati  – to engage atakovati – to attack  bombardovati – to bomb debatovati – to debate demantovati – to deny (to confute) diskreditovati – to discredit formalizovati  -to formalize  garantovati – to guarantee interesovati – to be interested in…

Genitive singular and plural (exceptions)

Masculine Feminine Neuter Singular -og/eg*  (adj.)   -a (n.) -e     -e -og/eg*  -a Plural -ih                -a -ih    -a -ih   -a Note that masculine and neuter adjectives whose stem ends in đ, j, lj, nj, ć, č, š, dž and ž tahe grammatical endings with -e instead of -o. Basic rules: Numbers 2,3, 4 take genitive singular.…

Pluralia tantum

The nouns that have only plural form are called pluralia tantum. Most of these nouns are made of two parts which make the whole. They require verbs and adjectives in plural.  They are either feminine or neuter gender, but used in plural. Some of them are: makaze, vrata, djeca, jasle, pantalone, farmerice, naočare, novine, merdevine (stube),…

Fleeting A (nepostojano A)

The so called “fleeting A” or “movable A” refers to the phonetic alternation in which short a makes appearance and loss in certain inflected forms of nouns. Historically, Montenegrin did not tolerate any final consonantal clusters except: st, zd, št, žd, šć, žđ, šč, and dž, as they were often difficult to pronounce in the…

Instrumental (6th case)

I Endings of the instrumental singular are the same for all three genders. For masculine nouns ending in a consonant add – om, and for neuter ending in – o, and feminine ending in –a replace the last letter with –om. Some neuter nouns, such as more, end in – e. For these nouns change…

The most awesome verb list ever

  Čekati                                             to wait Dočekati                                            meet, wait Pričekati                                            wait a while Sačekati                                             ambush, meet Očekivati                                           expect   Dati                                 …

How to read and write

Montenegrin/ Serbian is an easy language to spell and pronounce. It follows phonetic principal — every letter represents only one sound. In Montenegrin/Serbian you ‘write as you speak and read as it is written’. There are two alphabets in use — Latin and Cyrillic. Both the Latin and the Cyrillic alphabets contain 30 letters to represent…

Cases – short revision

  Nominative Noun or adjective used in nominative is used in its default form. This is the form found in dictionaries. sg. pl. M. -Ø: bulevar-Ø, momak-Ø -i: bulevar-i, momc-i F. -a: žen-a, devojk-a -e: žen-e, devojk-e N. -o/-e: pism-o, polj-e -a: pism-a, polj-a   We use nominative: 1. as the subject of the sentence,…