Modalni glagoli (modal verbs)

  In Montenegrin language there aren’t as many modal verbs as in English. Generally, we can say that there are four modal verbs: moći, morati, smjeti and htjeti.               MOĆI Verb moći  (can, be able to) doesn’t follow regular conjugation patterns and must be memorized: Ja mogu                       mi možemo…

Pronouns – zamjenice

  Just as nouns and adjectives change in different cases, so do personal pronouns. In Montenegrin they have a short and a long form. The long form is used: *for emphasis * after a preposition *in the initial position in a sentence.   The short form is far more prevelient in everyday speech. Personal pronouns…

Verbal adverbs  – glagolski prilozi

They are common in literature and other written works, while in spoken language simple present or past tense constructions are usually used instead.   The present verbal adverb (glagolski prilog sadašnji) shows the cation that is happening  at the same time as some other action. It is formed by adding the ending -ći to the third-person plural…

The present tense

  There are two stems in Montenegrin language: present and infinitive, and all verbal forms are formed from one or the other. The present stem is formed by dropping the personal suffix from the 1st p. sg. of the present tense. Personal suffixes for the present tense are sg. pl. 1st p. -m/-u -mo 2nd…

Numerals – brojevi

  Cardinal numbers The Montenegrin word for number is broj. In compound numbers the conjuction i (and) may be omitted. 0 nula                                                                                    22 dvadedeset (i) dva 1 jedan                                                                                  30 trideset 2 dva                                                                                            40 četrdeset 3 tri                                                                                                50 pedeset 4 četiri                                                                                          60 šezdeset 5 pet                                                                                             70 sedamdeset 6 šest                                                                                            80 osamdeset…

Comparison of adjectives

Adjectives can generally be : – positive – expressing the presence of some characteristic, – comparative – expressing the more intensive presence of some characteristic, – superlative – expressing the maximized presence of some characteristic. Comparative In Montenegrin language the comparative form of adjectives is formed by adding there types of suffixes to a positive…

Instrumental case

  The two main meanings indicated by the instrumental case are company and means or instrument with which an action is performed. It can also express time, place, additonal information and quality. Suffixes : sg. pl. m -om/-em: bulevar-om, momk-om Mark-om, Đorđ-em –ima: bulevar-ima, momc-ima f -om: žen-om, devojk-om –ama: žen-ama, devojk-ama -i/-ju: reč-i / reč-ju…

Vocative case

  The vocative case is used for addressing or calling someone. It is often used together with the imperative form of verbs, or indirect speech. Suffixes : sg. pl. m -e/-u: gospodine, Jovane, prijatelju =Nom.: Marko, Đorđe =Nom.: prijatelji f -o/-e: devojko, gospođo, Zoro, drugarice, Milice =Nom.: Marina, Zorana =Nom.:devojke n =Nom.: ime =Nom.: imena…

Accusative case

  The accusative case indicates the goal of a verbal action, thus, the direct object of a transitive verb. Besides this (along with various prepositions), the accusative expresses: time, place, direction of movement, purpose etc. Suffixes : sg. pl. m -Ø: bulevar-Ø (= Nom.) -e: bulevar-e, momk-e -a: momk-a, Mark-a, Đorđ-a (= Gen.) f -u:…

Dative case

  The dative case can indicate an indirect object (purpose) and a direction of movement. Suffixes : sg. pl. m -u: bulevar-u, momk-u –ima: bulevar-ima, momc-ima -u: Mark-u, Đorđ-u f -i: žen-i, devojc-i –ama: žen-ama, devojk-ama -i: reč-i –ima: reč-ima n -u: pism-u, polj-u -u: ime-n-u –ima: pism-ima, polj-ima ime-n-ima In the dative singular for…

Genitive case

  Genitive Genitive can be used with or without prepositions. Phrases in the genitive can express almost any meaning/relationship: possession, time, place, direction, quality, quantity etc. Suffixes : sg. pl. m -a: bulevar-a, momk-a -a: bulevara-a, momak-a -a: Mark-a, Đorđ-a f -e: žen-e, devojk-e -a: žen-a, devojak-a -i: reč-i -i: reč-i n -a: pism-a, polj-a…